Anxiety is a common emotion that everyone experiences from time to time. While it can be a normal response to certain situations, excessive anxiety can interfere with daily activities and affect overall well-being. Fortunately, several strategies can be used to manage anxiety and reduce its impact on daily life.

Understanding Anxiety

Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, often accompanied by physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, or increased heart rate. A range of factors, including stress, trauma, genetic predisposition, or a chemical imbalance in the brain, can cause it.

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health conditions characterized by excessive and persistent anxiety and fear. These include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.

Several strategies can be used to manage anxiety. These include:

1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of talk therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It can help manage anxiety by teaching individuals to identify and challenge negative thoughts, develop coping strategies, and improve problem-solving skills.

2. Mindfulness

Mindfulness involves paying attention to the present moment without judgment. It can be practiced through meditation, deep breathing, or simply focusing on the present moment. Mindfulness can help reduce anxiety by promoting relaxation and reducing negative thoughts.

3. Physical Activity

Exercise can effectively manage anxiety by promoting the release of endorphins, which are natural mood boosters. Physical activity can also help reduce muscle tension and promote relaxation.

4. Relaxation Techniques

Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and visualization can help reduce anxiety by promoting relaxation and reducing physical symptoms such as muscle tension and increased heart rate.

5. Medication

Medication can be used to manage anxiety in some cases. A doctor can prescribe antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications to help manage symptoms. However, it is important to note that medication should be used with other strategies, such as therapy and lifestyle changes.

6. Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes such as getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, and reducing caffeine and alcohol intake can help manage anxiety by promoting overall well-being. It is important to prioritize self-care and engage in activities that promote relaxation and stress reduction.

7. Support Network

Having a support network of friends and family can help manage anxiety. Talking to others about your feelings and experiences can help reduce feelings of isolation and provide a sense of validation and support.

8. Time Management

Feeling overwhelmed and stressed can exacerbate anxiety. Effective time management strategies such as setting priorities and breaking tasks into smaller, manageable steps can help reduce feelings of overwhelm and promote a sense of control.


Anxiety is a common emotion that can be managed through various strategies. These include cognitive-behavioral therapy, mindfulness, physical activity, relaxation techniques, medication, lifestyle changes, a support network, and effective time management. It is important to seek support from a mental health professional if anxiety interferes with daily activities or causes significant distress. With the right support and strategies, managing anxiety and improving overall well-being is possible.

Are you or anyone you know dealing with depression? Sarah J. Person, LCSW-R is a psychotherapist in Long Island, NY, who works with teens and adults with depression. She is trained in trauma-focused therapy, psychodynamic therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Sensorimotor Therapy® (a powerful approach that integrates treatment of the body to access and heal emotions), mindfulness, and more. Contact us today for more information.