It’s difficult to differentiate between a simple case of the blues or fatigue and a more serious mental health condition. Women in particular may experience depression more subtly, with signs such as irritability, low energy, and a general feeling of unhappiness. Additionally, major depression is far more common in women than men.

It is essential to be aware that various types of mood conditions are present. When you recognize the indications of these mood problems, appropriate medical assistance can be obtained promptly. In this guide, we’ll show you different types of mood disorders, and ways to help people with mood disorders in your life.

Types of Mood Disorders

1) Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) 

MDD is the most commonly diagnosed type of depression. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. It can also include physical symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, and changes in appetite.

It is a serious mental health disorder that affects a person’s mood, thoughts, and behaviour. Symptoms include persistent feelings of sadness, loss of interest in activities that used to be enjoyable, changes in appetite, and difficulty sleeping.

2) Dysthymia 

Dysthymia is a type of less severe depression that lasts for at least two years. It is often referred to as persistent depressive disorder and can be characterized by low energy, low self-esteem, and difficulty concentrating. 

People with dysthymia may also experience feelings of hopelessness and guilt. Treatment for dysthymia typically includes cognitive behavioural therapy and medications such as antidepressants.

3) Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by extreme mood swings between periods of depression and periods of mania. Symptoms of depression include feelings of hopelessness, low energy, and difficulty concentrating. 

Symptoms of mania include extreme happiness, increased energy, and risky behaviour. Treatment typically includes psychotherapy and medications such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics.

Symptoms of a Mood Disorder

It’s essential to be aware of even small alterations in feelings and emotions. Mood disorders can be tricky to spot, but there are some telltale signs to watch for such as:

  • Depressed mood
  • Lack of interest in activities
  • Decreased energy
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Changes in appetite or weight
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

These symptoms are more extreme than what you usually experience and they last longer. They can have a negative effect on your life, such as making it difficult to do your job or making social activities less enjoyable. 

How to Get Treatment for Mood Disorders

If you or someone you know are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional. A qualified therapist or psychiatrist can help you assess your symptoms and create a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs. Treatment may include medication, psychotherapy, lifestyle changes, or a combination of these approaches. 

It is important to find a mental health professional who you feel comfortable with and that understands your individual needs. With the right support, you can learn to manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.


Mood disorders can have a serious impact on your life, but with the right treatment, you can learn to manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. 

Sarah J. Person, LCSW-R aims to make treatment more accessible to people who want to improve their mental health. We have the best psychotherapists you can work with. Get in touch with us today to learn more.